5 Reasons Why The Vikings Pillaged

There’s always a reason why we do the things that we do and the brutal Vikings were no exception. These savage people from the late 8th to early 11th century left their homelands to raid and pillage civilized locations due to a number of reasons. If you want to know the reasons behind this merciless behavior then keep reading this blog post to find out. 

1.Greediness - As human beings, we are wired to always want more. It’s human nature to want and to look for what we don’t have. This is the reason why Vikings frequently left where they lived to look for slaves, livestock, treasures, coins and other fortunes. Aside from their navigation and seafaring skills, we can’t deny the fact that their ruthless and crude behavior when dealing with people is also one of the reasons why they were very successful in taking whatever they fancied from people living in places they raided.  

2. Growing population pressure - The Vikings' way of life changed because of agricultural technology advancement. It also flourished as they learned to step up and adapt to climate change. This allowed them to grow more resources and live longer and healthier lives. Due to their growing population, some of them decided to just conquer and explore new lands instead. This paved the way for new Viking communities and gave these people the opportunity to live peacefully and avoid the chaos from their motherland. 

3. Viking Tradition - Viking raidings initially started out as a way of making ends meet. However, as this job became more and more popular among Scandinavian men, it turned into a tradition and passed on to different generations. This is also one of the reasons why Viking men were expected by their peers to do the same in order to prove to them that they had what it takes to follow the footsteps of their older counterparts. 

4. Terrain - Living in mountainous places with no room to expand, infertile lands and extra cold climate was not something that VIkings dared to endure and put up with for a long time. These struggles caused them to look for new places with better living conditions and abundant natural resources in order to survive longer.

5. Get rid of criminals  - Penalized Viking law offenders were sometimes sent to sail away in longboats by themselves. If these convicted criminals managed to survive the dangerous and wicked sea journey on their own, there was a chance that they would use their new found freedom in another land as an opportunity to plunder and pillage.


These are just some of the reasons why the Vikings felt the need to pillage. There were certainly a lot of motives that were not written/documented that may have prompted them to leave their main homes. At the end of the day, what we can learn from this is that majority of their colonization, plundering and raiding attacks were caused by the human desire to increase chances of survival, to seek power/authority, the willingness to continue the legacy of their culture and the tendency to look for greener pastures.       

We hope you enjoyed this blog post. Watch out for our next one next week!   


References: 


https://www.historyextra.com/period/viking/why-did-the-vikings-violent-raids-begin/

https://felssvikings.weebly.com/lifestyle.html

https://history.howstuffworks.com/historical-figures/viking4.htm

https://www.livescience.com/32087-viking-history-facts-myths.html

https://courses.lumenlearning.com/suny-hccc-worldhistory/chapter/the-vikings/ 

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